TAIWAN HRJ
 

氣候變遷調適與人類移動: 對 COP21 與《巴黎協定》的反思

作者:李河清(中央大學營建管理研究所教授)、李元薇(東吳大學人權碩士學位學程碩士生)

摘要:

本文關注的是,氣候變遷引起的人類移動現象,在《聯合國氣候變化綱要公約》的架構下是以什麼樣的視角處理?它與傳統所認知的遷徙模式有什麼樣的不同之處?從《氣候變化綱要公約》第21屆締約方大會協商過程,與會末通過的《巴黎協定》兩個時間點檢視:面對潛在的氣候環境風險,選擇移動究竟是減少災難衝擊的手段,還是長期氣候調適策略的選項之一?本文對於氣候變遷與人類移動提出初步的研究結果,期待台灣未來的氣候調適政策能開始納入思考及討論。
 
關鍵字
人類移動、氣候調適、聯合國氣候變化綱要公約、巴黎協定


Climate Change Adaptation and Human Mobility: Reflections from the COP 21 and Paris Agreement

Author:Hooting Lee (Professor, Graduate Institute of Construction Engineering and Management, National Central University), Yuan-Wei Lee (Student of MA Program in Human Rights, Soochow University, Taipei)

Abstract:

The main concern of this paper is climate-induced human mobility. How human mobility is tackled under the framework of the UNFCCC and how this differs from a typical model of migration is the key issue. For the parties to the UNFCCC and to the Paris Agreement, which is the outcome of COP21, is human mobility a way to reduce the impact of environmental disaster or a possible long-term strategy of adaptation in the face of potential climate risks? The initial  nding of this paper might be a starting point from which Taiwan can view the relation between climate change and human mobility and develop its own climate adaptation policy.
 
Keywords
human mobility, climate change adaptation, UNFCCC, Paris Agreement

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