TAIWAN HRJ
 

勞動、婚姻與台灣的新加入者:她(他)們還是我們?

作者:陳文葳(台灣人權學刊編輯委員)

摘要:

本文選取華文社會中三本關懷台灣當前社會移民議題的代表作進行評論。三本作品的作者或滋養於社會運動,或從社會學研究的角度出發,分別討論不同的移入者,包括移工、女性家庭幫傭與婚姻移民,在台灣社會的處境與地位。顧玉玲點出台灣原本就有移民歷史,但當前社會卻普遍缺乏作為移民社會的政策與多元意識;藍佩嘉指出,東南亞女性幫傭在全球化脈絡下進入台灣,卻更進一步鞏固父權與國族的界線;夏曉鵑取材自婚姻移民,指出婚姻移民在台灣被客體化的現象。三位作者都忠實地記載相關的個案與故事,點出台灣在移民政策上的不足。
 
本文同時也從三本移民作品的閱讀帶出作者對移民研究的三個問題。這三個問題包括:全球化的脈絡下,國家疆界指涉的意涵為何?國家與社會結構是走向裂解還是鞏固?移民之於民主國家究竟代表對民主與福利論述的瓦解或強化?此外,筆者也在閱讀三本作品的過程中,獲得兩項知識論上的啟發,一是個人經驗與普遍知識關連性,二則是人權關懷作為實踐哲學。行動者個案故事的書寫、社會運動的參與和政策的推動,正是三本作品對移民議題的作用與意義所在。
 
關鍵字
婚姻移民、移工、全球化、台灣移民政策、性別與國族


Labor, Marriage and Newcomers to Taiwan: They or We?

Author:Wen-wei Chen (Member of Editorial Board, Taiwan Human Rights Journal)

Abstract:

This book review essay analyzes three important works in Chinese language about the newcomers to Taiwan—the migrant workers and the marriage immigrants (mostly from Southeast Asia and Mainland China) regarding their social status and situation in Taiwan. Based on field research, the three authors emphasizes the unfavorable and unequal treatment that the immigrants encountered in Taiwan by telling their stories. Koo, the social activist reminds the readers that Taiwan was for a long time in its history an immigrant society itself while Lan, the sociologist finds gender and nation-state structures reconsolidated in the domestic area under globalization process. Finally, Shia, the sociologist points to the lack of awareness of multiculturalism and bias which could deprive the marriage immigrants of their autonomy. All three authors reach the same conclusion that it is urgent to upgrade Taiwan’s immigrant policy and law to meet the changes of the society.
 
By analyzing the three books, some questions regarding the study of the newcomers are raised: what effect does migration impact on the traditional boundary of nation-states? Will migration consolidate or fragment the idea of democracy? In addition, this reviewer emphasizes two points inspired by the three books: the linkage of personal experience with general knowledge and taking human rights seriously in practice.
 
Keywords
marriage immigrants, migrant workers, globalization, migration law and policy, gender and nation-state.

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